The past decade has seen countless attempts on the part of the researchers and environmental stewards to find a legitimate use for used coffee grounds that would otherwise be sent to landfills. Here are just a few: biodiesel, livestock feed, liquor, compost, odor neutralizer. Promising ideas, all, but oftentimes lacking the kind of financial backing from the private sector that might […]
Catracha Coffee, the 3-year-old green coffee buying and profit-sharing company founded by Honduran-American Mayra Orellana-Powell, is launching the Catracha Quality Project. The quality-focused initiative is designed to build on Catracha’s existing smallholder relationships in Santa Elena, Honduras, collecting data and sharing insight among farmers to increase quality through processing. “There are more than 400 small coffee producers in Santa Elena and […]
There was a point in my early’s 2os when I would describe myself as a “locabond” — a vagabond that never quite managed to get out of the same city. That city was Austin, Texas, where after college I moved on a whim, hoping to play music and, as Pulp Fiction’s Jules Winnfield might, “walk the earth, meet people… get […]
Background & Aims: There is conflicting epidemiologic evidence on whether coffee consumption reduces the risk of gallstone disease. We examined the association between coffee consumption and risk of cholecystectomy (as a proxy for symptomatic gallstone disease) in a prospective cohort study.
Methods: We collected data from 30,989 women (born 1914-1948) and 40,936 men (born 1918-1952) from the Swedish Mammography Cohort and the Cohort of Swedish Men. Baseline information on coffee consumption was collected using a food-frequency questionnaire; subjects were followed up for procedures of cholecystectomy from 1998 through 2011 by linkage to the Swedish Patient Register. Hazard ratios (HRs) were estimated using Cox proportional hazard models.
Results: During a total follow-up period of 905,933 person-years, we identified 1057 women and 962 men who had undergone a cholecystectomy. After adjustment for potential confounders, the HR of cholecystectomy was 0.58 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.44-0.78) for women who drank ≥6 cups of coffee/day compared with women who drank <2 cups/day. In contrast, there was no association in men (HR, 0.96; 95% CI, 0.75-1.24). Because of this sex difference, we examined and found evidence of effect modification by menopausal status and use of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) (Pinteraction=.026). An inverse association was observed only in women who were premenopausal (HR, 0.17; 95% CI, 0.05-0.55) or used HRT (HR, 0.44; 95% CI, 0.28-0.70).
Conclusion: We observed an inverse association between coffee consumption and risk of cholecystectomy in women who were premenopausal or used HRT but not in other women or in men.
Background: Considerable controversy exists regarding the relation between maternal caffeine intake during pregnancy and risk of low birth weight (birth weight <2,500 g). We aim to assess this association using a systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis of prospective studies.
Methods: Potential articles were identified by searching MEDLINE and SCOPUS databases through 17 July 2013. Two authors independently extracted information on study design, participant characteristics and estimates of associations. Random-effects models were used to derive the summary relative risks (RRs) and corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Dose-response relationships were assessed using generalized least-squares trend estimation.
Results: In our meta-analysis, we included 13 prospective studies: 9 with low birth weight as a binary outcome variable (90,747 participants and 6,303 cases) and 6 with birth weight as a continuous outcome variable (10,015 participants; 2 studies reported both types of outcomes). Compared with the reference category with no or very low caffeine intake, the RR (95% CI) of low birth weight was 1.13 (1.06 to 1.21; I 2 0.0%) for low intake (50 to 149 mg/day), 1.38 (1.18 to 1.62; I 2 31.9%) for moderate intake (150 to 349 mg/day), and 1.60 (1.24 to 2.08; I 2 65.8%) for high intake (≥350 mg/day). In the dose-response analysis, each 100-mg/day increment in maternal caffeine intake (around one cup of coffee) was associated with 13% (RR 1.13, 1.06 to 1.21) higher risk of low birth weight. The association persisted in strata defined according to various study characteristics. Moderate (-33 g, 95% CI -63 to -4; I 2 0.3%) and high (-69 g, 95% CI -102 to -35; I 2 0.0%) caffeine intakes were also associated with a significantly lower birth weight as compared with the reference category.
Conclusions: Higher maternal caffeine intake during pregnancy was associated with a higher risk of delivering low birth weight infants. These findings support recommendations to restrict caffeine intake during pregnancy to low levels.
Martha Stewart is getting into the coffee game, putting her one-and-the-same name/brand on a product called Ulivjava. The Ulivjava line includes two ready-to-drink cold coffee drinks and a selection of ground coffees, each infused with green tea and other vitamins and herbs purported to promote health. Pre-ground, Martha? What happened to your ideals? Stewart’s personal trainer for the past 10 years, Mary Tedesco, and “celebrity […]
The Tonx to Blue Bottle migration was completed this morning, including a brand refresh for Blue Bottle home coffees and an expansion of subscription services to build on Tonx’s previously existing model. Blue Bottle announced in April that it had acquired Tonx — a roastery and subscription service founded by former Victrola Coffee and Intelligentsia roaster Tony Konecny and business partner […]
Inverse associations of coffee and/or tea in relation to hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) risk have been consistently identified in studies conducted mostly in Asia where consumption patterns of such beverages differ from Europe. In the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and nutrition (EPIC), we identified 201 HCC cases among 486,799 men/women, after a median follow-up of 11 years. We calculated adjusted hazard ratios (HR) for HCC incidence in relation to quintiles/categories of coffee/tea intakes. We found that increased coffee and tea intakes were consistently associated with lower HCC risk. The inverse associations were substantial, monotonic and statistically significant. Coffee consumers in the highest compared to the lowest quintile had lower HCC risk by 72% (HR: 0.28; 95% confidence intervals (CI): 0.16 to 0.50, P-trend <0.001). The corresponding association of tea with HCC risk was 0.41 (95% CI: 0.22 to 0.78, P-trend=0.003). There was no compelling evidence of heterogeneity of these associations across strata of important HCC risk factors, including hepatitis B or hepatitis C status (available in a nested case-control study). The inverse, monotonic associations of coffee intake with HCC were apparent for caffeinated (P-trend=0.009), but not decaffeinated (P-trend=0.45) coffee for which, however, data were available for a fraction of subjects. Results from this multi-centre, European cohort study strengthen the existing evidence regarding the inverse association between coffee/tea and HCC risk. Given the apparent lack of heterogeneity of these associations by HCC risk factors and that coffee/tea are universal exposures, our results could have important implications for high HCC risk subjects.
by Michael Sheridan of CRS Coffeelands Blog Back in February, Root Capital released a white paper on social and environmental performance management, the inaugural publication in a series of issue briefs on strategic insights the organization has gleaned from its work. Last week, Root published the second brief in the series — this one focused on gender lens investing — that is […]
Citing increased demand and product growth, Erin Williamson has sold a minority share interest of her cold brew coffee company, Pier Coffee, which now becomes Pier Coffee LLC. Williamson, who formerly owned the Burien Press (Wash.) coffee shop, launched Pier Coffee as a nano cold brewery in 2012, developing a flagship cold concentrate. With the deal, the new principal owners […]