Y Zhao et al, 2014. Association of coffee drinking with all-cause mortality: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Public Health Nutrition, published online ahead of print.

OBJECTIVE: We aimed to use the meta-analysis method to assess the relationship between coffee drinking and all-cause mortality.

DESIGN: Categorical and dose-response meta-analyses were conducted using random-effects models.

SETTING: We systematically searched and identified eligible literature in the PubMed and Scopus databases.

SUBJECTS: Seventeen studies including 1 054 571 participants and 131 212 death events from all causes were included in the present study.

RESULTS: Seventeen studies were included and evaluated in the meta-analysis. A U-shaped dose-response relationship was found between coffee consumption and all-cause mortality (P for non-linearity <0·001). Compared with non/occasional coffee drinkers, the relative risks for all-cause mortality were 0·89 (95 % CI 0·85, 0·93) for 1-<3 cups/d, 0·87 (95 % CI 0·83, 0·91) for 3-<5 cups/d and 0·90 (95 % CI 0·87, 0·94) for ≥5 cups/d, and the relationship was more marked in females than in males.

CONCLUSIONS: The present meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies indicated that light to moderate coffee intake is associated with a reduced risk of death from all causes, particularly in women.

Branding Case Study: Steampunk To-Go and Mood-Reflecting Cups at Gawatt

Here is an example showing that even the smallest independent operations can benefit from big, cohesive branding ideas. Gawatt, a single independent takeout coffee shop in the heart of Armenia’s largest city, Yerevan, launched late last year, turning to the Armenian creative agency Backbone for assistance. The challenge was to beef up the small takeout shop’s sidewalk presence and overall branding […]

A G Franke et al, 2014. The Use of Caffeinated Substances by Surgeons for Cognitive Enhancement, Annals of Surgery, published online ahead of print.

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the use of coffee, caffeinated drinks, and caffeine tablets for pharmacological cognitive enhancement (CE) among surgeons.

BACKGROUND: Surgeons have demanding workloads, and the resulting fatigue and concentration deficits can lead to medical errors. Some surgeons use substances that promote wakefulness to counteract these effects.

METHODS: A total of 3306 surgeons who attended 5 international conferences in 2011 were surveyed regarding their use of coffee, caffeinated drinks, and caffeine tablets for CE and potential factors derived from professional and private life using an anonymous self-report questionnaire. In this study, we were only interested in surgeons working in hospitals; therefore, 951 questionnaires were statistically analyzed.

RESULTS: The most prevalent reason for using caffeine of any kind was to reduce fatigue (54.3%). Further prevalent reasons are working the night shift (32.2%) and overly long and excessive work hours (31.7%). Lifetime, past-year, past-month, and past-week prevalence was 66.8%, 61.9%, 56.9%, and 50.5%, for coffee use; 24.2%, 15.4%, 9.9%, and 6.1%, for caffeinated drinks; and 12.6%, 5.9%, 4.7%, and 3.8%, respectively, for caffeine tablets. Caffeine use was associated with lower age, male gender, divorced marital status, living with children, lack of satisfaction with professional status, pressure to perform in private life, and pressure perceived to be harmful to one’s own health.

CONCLUSIONS: Surgeons often use caffeinated substances to cope with fatigue and long working hours. Coffee use was more prevalent than the use of caffeinated drinks and caffeine tablets.

Made in the USA: The State of the Hawaiian Coffee Industry

by Roast Magazine Editor Emily Puro When you think Kona, you probably think coffee. In many ways, it’s that rich reputation and long-standing tradition that make Hawaii’s coffee professionals so passionate, though you’ll find passion for exceptional coffee not just in Kona but throughout the state — on Kauai, Maui, Oahu, Molokai and other islands, and in the other growing […]

Drama Unfolds with the Opening of Williamsburg’s First Starbucks

As might be expected, there has been some pushback related to the opening of Williamsburg’s first Starbucks, which debuted at 6 a.m. today at the new 65 Ainsle building at the intersection of Ainsle and Union. If Williamsburg didn’t “officially end” in November with the opening of a Dunkin’ Donuts, Eater says the Starbucks opening makes “the gentrification of hipsterville” complete. […]

D.C. Roastery Vigilante Coffee Opens First Public Outpost in Hyatsville

After two years of building wholesale accounts and putting in time at farmers markets, flea markets and pop ups, Washington D.C.’s Vigilante Coffee is opening a brick-and-mortar roastery and small bar in Hyatsville, Md. The grand opening is scheduled for tomorrow, Saturday, July 19, at the Vigilante Coffee Co. Roastery and Cafe, located in a former Ford Model-T dealership at […]

G Rojo-Martiez et al, 2014. Serum sCD163 Levels are Associated with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and Are Influenced by Coffee and Wine Consumption: Results of the Di@bet.es Study, PLOS One, published online.

Serum levels of soluble TNF-like weak inducer of apoptosis (sTWEAK) and its scavenger receptor CD163 (sCD163) have been linked to insulin resistance. We analysed the usefulness of these cytokines as biomarkers of type 2 diabetes in a Spanish cohort, together with their relationship to food consumption in the setting of the Di@bet.es study.

RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: This is a cross-sectional, matched case-control study of 514 type 2 diabetes subjects and 517 controls with a Normal Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (NOGTT), using data from the Di@bet.es study. Study variables included clinical and demographic structured survey, food frequency questionnaire and physical examination. Serum concentrations of sTWEAK and sCD163 were measured by ELISA. Linear regression analysis determined which variables were related to sTWEAK and sCD163 levels. Logistic regression analysis was used to estimate odd ratios of presenting type 2 diabetes.

RESULTS: sCD163 concentrations and sCD163/sTWEAK ratio were 11.0% and 15.0% higher, respectively, (P<0.001) in type 2 diabetes than in controls. Following adjustment for various confounders, the OR for presenting type 2 diabetes in subjects in the highest vs the lowest tertile of sCD163 was [(OR), 2,01 (95%CI, 1,46-2,97); P for trend <0.001]. Coffee and red wine consumption was negatively associated with serum levels of sCD163 (P = 0.0001 and; P = 0.002 for coffee and red wine intake, respectively).

CONCLUSIONS: High circulating levels of sCD163 are associated with type 2 diabetes in the Spanish population. The association between coffee and red wine intake and these biomarkers deserves further study to confirm its potential role in type 2 diabetes.