Mystery Solved: See Who Is Supplying Coffee to the White House

Earlier this year, Boston Globe reporter Matt Viser asserted that the coffee supplier for the White House had become something of a state secret. With little cooperation from the White House staff, Viser continued to pry, finding some evidence of supply relationships with a Hawaiian Kona coffee company, Starbucks and local roaster/retailer Swing’s Coffee. At a recent White House black-tie holiday dinner […]

R J Park & J D Moon, 2014. Coffee and depression in Korea: the fifth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, published online ahead of print.

There is substantial interest in the health effects of coffee because it is the leading worldwide beverage after water. Existing literature on the connection between depression and coffee is scarce, and studies have yielded inconsistent results. The aim of this study was to examine the association between coffee consumption and depression in the Korean population.

Subjects/Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study in 10 177 Korean individuals aged 20-97 years who participated in the fifth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Consumption of coffee and depression were assessed using a questionnaire. Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to compute odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for depression.

Results: The lifetime prevalence of self-reported depression was 14.0% and that of self-reported clinical depression was 3.7%. After adjustment for potential confounders, the adjusted ORs for self-reported depression across coffee consumption categories were 1.00 (reference) for less than one cup/week, 0.84 (95% CI: 0.66, 1.07) for one to six cups/week, 0.63 (95% CI: 0.51, 0.79) for one cup/day, 0.69 (95% CI: 0.54, 0.88) for two cups/day and 0.58 (95% CI: 0.44, 0.76) for three or more cups/day (P for trend, <0.01). A similar association was observed for self-reported clinical depression, for which the multiple-adjusted ORs were 1.00 (reference) for less than one cup/week, 0.61 (95% CI: 0.40, 0.92) for one to six cups/week, 0.51 (95% CI: 0.34, 0.74) for one cup/day, 0.57 (95% CI: 0.39, 0.84) for two cups/day and 0.41 (95% CI: 0.24, 0.70) for three or more cups/day, respectively (P for trend, <0.01).

Conclusions: These findings support a possible protective effect of coffee on the risk of depression.

The post R J Park & J D Moon, 2014. Coffee and depression in Korea: the fifth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, published online ahead of print. appeared first on Coffee and Health.

What Color Are Your Mugs? It Matters in Flavor Perception, Researchers Say

The color of coffee mugs has a substantial impact on the perception of flavor, according to a new study led by Australian researchers. Lead author of the study, published last week in the journal Flavour, George Vandoorn said he was inspired to pursue the research after a conversation at a coffee shop with a barista who told him that “when coffee is […]

M M Werler et al, 2014. Maternal cigarette, alcohol, and coffee consumption in relation to club foot. Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology, published online ahead of print.

: Clubfoot is associated with maternal cigarette smoking in several studies, but it is not clear if this association is confined to women who smoke throughout the at-risk period. Maternal alcohol and coffee drinking have not been well studied in relation to clubfoot.

METHODS: The present study used data from a population-based case-control study of clubfoot conducted in Massachusetts, New York, and North Carolina from 2007 to 2011. Mothers of 646 isolated clubfoot cases and 2037 controls were interviewed about pregnancy events and exposures, including the timing and frequency of cigarette smoking, alcohol intake, and coffee drinking.

RESULTS: More mothers of cases than controls reported smoking during early pregnancy (28.9% vs. 19.1%). Of women who smoked when they became pregnant, those who quit in the month after a first missed period had a 40% increase in clubfoot risk and those who continued to smoke during the next 3 months had more than a doubling in risk, after controlling for demographic factors, parity, obesity, and specific medication exposures. Adjusted odds ratios for women who drank >3 servings of alcohol or coffee per day throughout early pregnancy were 2.38 and 1.77, respectively, but the numbers of exposed women were small and odds ratios were unstable.

CONCLUSIONS: Clubfoot risk appears to be increased for offspring of women who smoke cigarettes, particularly those who continue smoking after pregnancy is recognisable, regardless of amount. For alcohol and coffee drinkers, suggested increased risks were only observed in higher levels of intake.

The post M M Werler et al, 2014. Maternal cigarette, alcohol, and coffee consumption in relation to club foot. Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology, published online ahead of print. appeared first on Coffee and Health.

Poursteady Uses Robotics Technology for a Commercial Pourover Bar

A group of New York-based engineers and product designers have turned a pet project for a commercial pourover machine and turned it into a full-blown business venture. The product is the Poursteady, a five-stand pourover bar that uses remote and robotics technology for what the inventors call precise and highly controllable single-cup pourovers. To our eyes, it’s the it seems like one […]

Planning for an Emergency Long-Term Survival Event? Don’t Forget Coffee!

Whichever hostile government takeover, zombie raid or other armageddon-type event you may be planning for, there’s a coffee for that. Salt Lake City, Utah-based My Patriot Supply — which specializes in short- and long-term survival items like water filtration systems, heirloom seeds, “Granny’s Homemade” dehydrated soup and “stove in a can” — has introduced Franklin’s Finest coffee. The company says the coffee, available […]

H Wu et al, 2014, Coffee, tea, and melanoma risk among post-menopausal women, European Journal of Cancer Prevention, published online ahead of print.

Laboratory research suggests that components in coffee and tea may have anticarcinogenic effects. Some epidemiologic studies have reported that women who consume coffee and tea have a lower risk for melanoma. We assessed coffee, tea, and melanoma risk prospectively in the Women’s Health Initiative – Observational Study cohort of 66 484 postmenopausal women, followed for an average of 7.7 years. Coffee and tea intakes were measured through self-administered questionnaires at baseline and at year 3 of follow-up. Self-reported incident melanomas were adjudicated using medical records. Cox proportional hazard models were used to estimate risk, adjusting for covariates, with person-time accumulation until melanoma diagnosis (n=398), death, loss to follow-up, or through 2005. Daily coffee [hazard ratio (HR)=0.87, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.68-1.12] and tea (HR=1.03, 95% CI 0.81-1.31) intakes were not significantly associated with melanoma risk compared with nondaily intake of each beverage. No significant trends were observed between melanoma risk and increasing intakes of coffee (P for trend=0.38) or tea (P for trend=0.22). Women who reported daily coffee intake at both baseline and year 3 had a significantly decreased risk compared with women who reported nondaily intake at both time points (HR=0.68, 95% CI 0.48-0.97). Consistent daily tea intake was not associated with decreased melanoma risk. Overall, there is no strong evidence that increasing coffee or tea consumption can lead to a lower melanoma risk. We observed a decrease in melanoma risk among long-term coffee drinkers, but the lack of consistency in the results by dose and type cautioned against over interpretation of the results.

K Omagari et al, 2014. Coffee consumption is inversely associated with depressive status in Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes, Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition, Volume 55 (2).

Depression has been reported to be more prevalent among diabetic patients than non-diabetic individuals. Although depression and diabetes are causally and bi-directionally related, the influence of food intake frequency on depressive symptoms in diabetic patients has not been fully evaluated. This cross-sectional study analyzed data obtained from 89 patients with type 2 diabetes who completed self-administered questionnaires regarding food intake frequency, diabetic variables, physical activity and depressive states. The prevalence of a “definite” depressive state was 16.9%. The duration of diabetes, hemoglobin A1c levels, diabetic microvascular complications and physical activity levels were similar between depressed and non-depressed patients. Daily intakes of total lipids, n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids and lipid energy ratios were significantly lower, and the carbohydrate energy ratio was significantly higher in depressed than in non-depressed patients. Coffee consumption was inversely associated with depressive symptoms, but no significant association was found between tea or green tea consumption and depressive symptoms. The logistic regression analysis showed that coffee consumption was an independent predictor of non-depressed status in diabetic patients. This might be due to biologically active compounds containing in coffee other than caffeine.

Design Details: From Clunky Case to Pour-Over Bar at Quills Coffee

After building out multiple retail locations over seven years, the team at Louisville’s Quills Coffee has learned a thing or two about functional design. That collective knowledge is currently being employed as Quills prepares its first shop outside greater Louisville, in a shiny new development in Indianapolis’ Canal District. But that hasn’t stopped Quills from occasionally refining some of its existing stores. […]